Sterilization and disinfection, are important for maintaining that medical and surgical products do not spread infections to patients. Disinfection removes most pathogenic organisms. Sterilization is the killing or removal of all organisms
Sterilization is a medical procedure that destroys or eliminates all forms of microorganisms. Physical or chemical methods are used in healthcare facilities for Sterilization." The treatments given comply with the demands. Steam, dry heat, Ethylene Oxide (ETO) sterilizations, and others are the types of sterilizations there.
The most common sterilization procedures in healthcare include steam under pressure, dry heat, EtO gas, hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, and liquid chemicals. The objective of sterilization is to convey a precise meaning; unfortunately, some health practitioners and technical and commercial literature use the terms "disinfection" and "sterilization."
Disinfection refers to the treatment of inanimate objects with chemicals or wet pasteurization that eliminates most pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores. In healthcare settings, items are generally disinfected using liquid pesticides or a wet pasteurizing process. The efficacy of disinfection is affected by a variety of factors; each can have an effect on it.
In many laboratories, hospitals, and medical labs, in particular microbiology and hospital biomedicine departments, a sterile environment is required. Autoclaves (sterilization by steam), dry heat sterilizers and ovens, and clean-in-place (CIP) systems including autoclavable equipment such as lab engines or pipettes within units with media sterilizers that produce temperatures.
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